HydroEcological Engineering Advanced Decision Support (HEADS)

The scientific mission of the HydroEcological Engineering Advanced Decision Support (HEADS) research group within the Earth Sciences Division at Berkeley National Laboratory is to develop techniques, technologies and computer-based decision support systems to enhance environmental monitoring, modeling and management.

IDEAS: Computational Challenges in Building Virtual Terrestrial Ecosystems

EESA’s Genomes-to-Watershed and NGEE-Arctic projects seek to take advantage of new scientific software capabilities by incorporating a recently initiated DOE-Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR)–BER-funded project, entitled Interoperable Design of Extreme-Scale Application Software (IDEAS). This project pursues the development and demonstration of new approaches for producing, using, and supporting scientific software. It will establish methodologies and tools that facilitate delivery of software as reusable, interoperable components.

Funded by DOE-SC-Biological and Environmental Research

Integrated Isotopic Studies of Geochemistry

We seek to understand geochemical processes using isotopic ratio and trace element concentration measurements. The research involves measurements of natural Earth systems and materials (rocks, soils, sediments, minerals, pore fluids, etc.) and products from laboratory experiments. The primary objectives are to (1) use isotopic effects to probe molecular- to micro-scale processes that control mineral precipitation…

Funded by DOE-SC-Basic Energy Sciences

International Disposal R&D

Nuclear power is used by many countries that have employed various strategies for the safe and effective use of nuclear energy and disposal of nuclear waste. International Projects focuses on integration and dissemination of scientific understanding and technological advances associated with nuclear energy and nuclear waste disposal throughout the world.

Land-Atmosphere Interactions and Surface Radiative Forcing (ASR)

This project advances understanding and prediction of land-atmosphere interactions and greenhouse gas radiative forcing at Earth’s surface. We use observations to model the processes linking Earth's carbon, water, and energy cycles—from soil moisture and vegetation to clouds, radiation, and precipitation. We also observe the direct radiative effects of CO2 and CH4 on climate, using ARM spectroscopic measurements. Our research is yielding new insights into processes governing the water cycle over land, and is enabling rigorous testing of radiative transfer in climate models.

Funded by DOE-SC-Biological and Environmental Research

Mapping Soil Carbon from Cradle to Grave

In this EESA project, scientists seek to define a molecular blueprint for how organic carbon decomposition and stabilization processes in soil are impacted by the interactions between plant roots, the soil microbial community (bacteria, archaea, fungi, microfauna) and the soil matrix.

Funded by DOE-SC-Biological and Environmental Research

Microbes to Biomes (M2B): Harnessing the Soil Microbome for Food and Fuel Security

Microbes-to-Biomes (M2B) is a Berkeley Lab-wide initiative designed to reveal, decode, and harness microbes—the most abundant and diverse life form on Earth—in ways that protect our fuel and food supplies, environmental security, and personal health. It was launched in early 2015, featuring five projects funded through the LDRD program.

Funded by DOE-SC-Biological and Environmental Research

Modeling, Monitoring and Data Integration Support for Environmental Restoration of the Fukushima Area

The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) after the Great East Japan Earthquake resulted in the release of radioactive contaminants to the atmosphere and environment in March 2011. In October 2015, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) have initiated a collaborative research project under an agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE) and JAEA. The primary objective of this project is to support and enhance JAEA’s research activities on the environmental restoration of the Fukushima area.

Funded by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)

Mont Terri

Mont Terri The Mont Terri Project is an international research project for the hydrogeological, geochemical and geotechnical characterization of a clay/shale formation suitable for geologic disposal of radioactive waste (Zuidema, 2007; Bossart and Thury, 2007). The project, which was officially initiated in 1996, utilizes an underground rock laboratory, which lies north of the town of St-Ursanne in…