This project advances understanding and prediction of land-atmosphere interactions and greenhouse gas radiative forcing at Earth’s surface. We use observations to model the processes linking Earth's carbon, water, and energy cycles—from soil moisture and vegetation to clouds, radiation, and precipitation. We also observe the direct radiative effects of CO2 and CH4 on climate, using ARM spectroscopic measurements. Our research is yielding new insights into processes governing the water cycle over land, and is enabling rigorous testing of radiative transfer in climate models.
In this EESA project, scientists seek to define a molecular blueprint for how organic carbon decomposition and stabilization processes in soil are impacted by the interactions between plant roots, the soil microbial community (bacteria, archaea, fungi, microfauna) and the soil matrix.
Microbes-to-Biomes (M2B) is a Berkeley Lab-wide initiative designed to reveal, decode, and harness microbes—the most abundant and diverse life form on Earth—in ways that protect our fuel and food supplies, environmental security, and personal health. It was launched in early 2015, featuring five projects funded through the LDRD program.
Modeling, Monitoring and Data Integration Support for Environmental Restoration of the Fukushima Area
The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) after the Great East Japan Earthquake resulted in the release of radioactive contaminants to the atmosphere and environment in March 2011. In October 2015, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) have initiated a collaborative research project under an agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy (US DOE) and JAEA. The primary objective of this project is to support and enhance JAEA’s research activities on the environmental restoration of the Fukushima area.
Mont Terri The Mont Terri Project is an international research project for the hydrogeological, geochemical and geotechnical characterization of a clay/shale formation suitable for geologic disposal of radioactive waste (Zuidema, 2007; Bossart and Thury, 2007). The project, which was officially initiated in 1996, utilizes an underground rock laboratory, which lies north of the town of St-Ursanne in…
MULTISCALE is a Scientific Discovery Through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Earth System Modeling project, begun in July 2012 and running through July 2017, with the primary goal of producing better climate models to serve as the scientific tools and predictive tools that will address the needs of both the climate sciences and policy-oriented communities.
The mission for the Center for Nanoscale Controls on Geologic CO2 (NCGC) is to enhance the performance and predictability of subsurface storage systems by understanding the molecular and nanoscale origins of CO2 trapping processes, and developing computational tools to translate to larger-scale systems. It is one of 46 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC).
The National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP) — an initiative within DOE’s Office of Fossil Energy and led by the National Energy Technology Laboratory—applies DOE’s core competency in science-based prediction for engineered–natural systems to the long-term storage of carbon dioxide (CO2).
The Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiments (NGEE Arctic) seeks to address challenges by quantifying the physical, chemical, and biological behavior of terrestrial ecosystems in Alaska.
Tropical forests cycle more CO2 and water than any other biome, and play critical roles in determining Earth’s energy balance. Intact tropical forests, likely Earth’s largest carbon sink, are susceptible to a warming climate. The 10-year vision for NGEE Tropics is to achieve dramatically reduced uncertainty in ESM projections, and increased scientific understanding of how tropical forest ecosystems will respond to climate and atmospheric change.