While the scientific imperative of our time is to protect and use the Earth’s abundant resources wisely to ensure healthy and prosperous societies for generations to come, we have an unprecedented opportunity to advance and integrate a suite of tools and expertise required to understand Earth’s complexity.

EESA scientists are applying innovative approaches to address complex questions. Learning more about the vast diversity of microbial life living beneath our feet, or how geologic systems change over time could help pave the way for long-term solutions to our interconnected climate, energy, and environmental challenges.

Brown rock with water filling in where it is fractured Illustration of several viruses injecting genetic information into a bacterium